Message for Readers

If you find this blog post useful to your work or if you have interacted with me and have found my sharing helpful, you can pay it forward as follows :

1) Share what you know freely to all who are able to listen with no expectation of reward.

2) If you make big bucks, donate some of that to charity and give back to tech by becoming an angel investor or LP. You can learn more about AngelCentral at

Monday, September 15, 2014

6 Personal Sharing on Angel Investing

(Updated 16 December 2016)
This article shares the mindset I have as an investor. It does not represent what other investors think and all opinions are just one sample. So read it in the right light.

Since 2009, my wife & I have been angel investing in the area of internet businesses where we have some experience. The idea is both to give back what we learned and also to hopefully profit from it.

To date, we have invested in 14 startups SG/regionally and we will probably invest in another 5-10 startups over the next 3-4 years or about 2-3 a year max. In addition, we have invested/committed in 5 incubator/Series A funds as part of our diversification/lead gen strategy.

Here are some learning points we have :

1) Invest in things we know and enjoy.

All the companies we have invested in are B2C companies with the exception of one which is a digital animation firm. Reason? Our experience building up a job portal allows us to share meaningfully with the portfolio companies. In fact, two of the portfolio companies are job portals outside of SG.

Recently, we have decided that Fintech B2C is an area which is ripe and which I have a personal interest. So we started researching the startups in the space and have met with quite a few. In the end, we decided to invest in two - iMoney and DrWealth. One has done pretty well.

Investing in B2C businesses allow us to gauge whether the management team is doing a good job or not and allows to learn even more about B2C mechanics which makes us even more valuable mentors. Being able to value add to the entrepreneur is a big positive feeling for me.

2) Invest with early stage VC for diversification. Double your bet alongside for stories you like.

One way that we are still trying out is to invest in incubators and early stage funds. Then for the stories we like and which are book building, we can invest alongside them. That is also why we invested in 500startups/durians.

3)  Always invest in the person and the rough model. Motivation matters a lot!

We want to invest in people who don't give up easily. Business models are rarely correct at startup stage. Management will need to tweak and pivot and go through a lot of pain before they hit on the right model (if ever). As investors, the last thing you want is a founder that gives up within 1+ years of funding esp if money still not run out. For me, I would be ok if the business fails if the founder has pivoted at least 2 times and has spent at least 2 years trying to make things work and has been willing to put more of personal money in to keep things going,

From what I have observed, the best key founders are those that just want to get things done. They have a just do it attitude and will never blame others for their failure. Frequently, they are not afraid to roll up their sleeves and do sales or marketing work. Their ego is subordinated to the business goal which they are crystal clear about. 

4) Coachable founders are critical and I don't need to be the coach

Related to point 4. Some people learn fast (whether from others, actual experiences or even from books), some don't. A team that does not learn or which is slow to change when change is clearly needed will rarely succeed. I now always look out for founders who are willing to listen and absorb new practises and who are willing to agree when numbers tell that they are wrong. They don't need to listen to me, but they need to listen to someone!

5) Invest money that is not needed and with discipline.

I cannot stress this enough.  We plan ahead 4-5 years and use a portfolio allocation strategy that limits how much we can allocate (not more than 15%)  into startups and VC/incubator funds.  We understand that in worst case, we will lose all of it though I would not except the VC funds to lose it all!

6) Invest as a way to give back to ecosystem

This one is for all those who managed to exit your business or who have down wel in corporate job. We all know Singapore does not have many of us. So putting aside 5,10,20% to invest back in the area you know well is a good win win. Life can't be just about making more money, more fun for ourselves and helping only our loved ones. Doing some mentoring and coaching for companies you are vested in and which you are knowledgeable about is a great way to give back and still be aligned.


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  3. Great words on investing in people but not model - founders don't give up.